July 17, 2019, Eads, CO-
The sign clearly stated “Walk in silence and respect”, as I approached the ridge, overlooking a valley of hallowed ground, where 230 Cheyenne and Arapaho people, mostly women and children, were killed by a regiment of U.S. soldiers, on November 29, 1864. John Chivington, a colonel in the U. S. Army, orchestrated and led the attacks, turning a blind eye to atrocities committed by many of the men under his command. Some white settlers who had befriended the First Nations people were also beaten or killed, by garrison troops at Fort Lyon who were in league with Chivington’s forces. Several men in the garrison refused to participate in the slaughter. Two of them wrote to higher authorities about the incident. One of these, Silas Soule, was assassinated by other soldiers, on the streets of Denver, after he testified to a Commission of Inquiry about the massacre.
This campaign of slaughter, of course rooted in ignorance and greed, would result in the resignation of Colonel Chivington from the U. S. Army, whilst he and many of his men were regarded as local heroes, by the more conservative settlers of Colorado Territory, particularly in Denver and Colorado City (now Colorado Springs). To be fair, there were constant attacks and depredations by both Whites and First Nations people, prior to Sand Creek-and afterward, but none were carried out by women and children. The matter of ownership of land has resulted in far too much death and destruction. In the end, no one has ownership of land, in perpetuity. Indeed, it’s a dark irony, and a fitting one, that Bill Dawson, who owned the land on which the masacre took place, returned it to the Cheyenne and Arapaho Nations, in 1999. The National Park Service would compensate Mr. Dawson and his family for the land, but there was none of the acrimony among area residents that their predecessors had shown, throughout the remainder of the Nineteenth Century. There was a consensus that this was hallowed, sacred ground, and that justice was finally being served, to the extent still possible.
To me, there was no choice, but to sit in reverence and prayer, overlooking the massacre site. As I was leaving, a pair of photojournalists arrived, preparing to make a brief video on the Massacre. We were all startled when a car pulled up, a door slammed and a perky Ranger loudly greeted the men and inquired about their prior visit to Bent’s Old Fort, another NPS Historic Site that is associated with Sand Creek. It had been a still, solemn visit, and was now turning into business as usual.
I walked back to the Visitor’s Center, waited for the 1:00 presentation, and left at 1:30, when it was clear that I was the only lay visitor, and there would be no presentation. I know the spirits were grateful for my visit. A hawk feather had been laying on the ground, just off the first part of the trail between the Visitor’s Center and the massacre overlook. The sight of a circling eagle or hawk, or of a raptor feather on the ground is a sign, to many First Nations people, that one’s presence is acceptable to the Spirits. I circled the feather, clockwise, and silently prayed.
Leaving the National Historic Site, my route took me past the now-deserted railroad town of Chivington, its buildings mostly looking to fall over, with the next keening wind. Eads, some twenty miles west, is a more thriving town, whose residents approve of the National Historic Site.
I will long be mindful of the continuing need to remember atrocities, such as Sand Creek, as examples of what happens when people fail to honour, respect and listen to one another, over a period of months, years, decades.
NEXT: The Way Back to Home Base